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    Roll-Call Training

    Body: Hypothetical: Officer Courtney observes a subject, Mr. Eubanks, who he has reasonable suspicion, (but not probable cause), to believe has been involved in the shoplifting of a can of beer. Officer Courtney stops Eubanks. Question: Can Officer Courtney constitutionally conduct a frisk of Eubanks, for officer safety, prior to questioning him? Answer: No, not under the facts provided. Shoplifters are ...
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    Roll-call Training and Lesson Plan:Disorderly Conduct/Fighting Words – 5 minute Lesson Plan

    Objective: Reiterate law and policy as it relates to disorderly conduct/fighting words and provide officers with framework for arrest decision: The following is best undertaken by question/answer session utilizing scenarios where appropriate: Have officers articulate the elements of a disorderly conduct arrest (specifically provisions such as “fighting words.) Ask officers to identify how they would distinguish fighting words from other expressions. ...
  • +18

    Active Shooter Reality Check

    Active Shooter Reality Check
    "We don't have to worry because emergency responders will be here in no time." "Our SWAT Team is the best in the county and will take care of the threat before they can do any substantial harm." "We instinctively know what to do during an emergency. People are like that you know." Which one of the above is true? The ...
    Rated +18
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    License to Use Caution with Vehicle Pursuits

    Many police pursuit proponents read with eagerness of the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent case involving law enforcement chases. The 2007 case, Scott v. Harris was interpreted by many road rangers as giving more latitude to the officer pursuing the miscreants of the motorways. Actually the ruling should be examined within the scope of it two points. It also serves as a ...
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    DUI and Motorcycles

    Alcohol intoxication is a leading factor in motorcycle accidents and fatalities. Law enforcement officers have been trained to identify driving patterns that indicate a probability that a motorcyclist is driving while intoxicated. The driving patterns that police typically look for have been outlined by the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA). NHTSA has delineated a number of "cues" that police ...
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    20 U.S. Cities With the Most Drunk Drivers

    Think you've seen more than your fair share of intoxicated motorists? Did you know that there are two million repeat drunk drivers on the road at any given time? Always be aware of your surroundings, especially if you live in or near the following twenty cities. This list was based on the top 20 cities by population, according to the ...
  • +18

    Does a Motorist have a Privacy Interest in their License Plate

    Does a Motorist have a Privacy Interest in their License Plate
    All motor vehicle stops must be supported by some level of proof. In other words, officers are not allowed to randomly stop vehicles (i). It is generally not possible to make the stop of a moving vehicle a consensual since an officer must show authority (turn on the emergency light and/or siren) and the motorist must comply (by pulling over) before ...
    Rated +18
  • +23

    5 Must-Do Patrol Car Checks

    5 Must-Do Patrol Car Checks
    Whether you have a shared patrol car or a take-home unit, almost every officer, deputy sheriff, and trooper I know checks over their car and its equipment before the shift. After all, this is your mobile office. You need it to do your job and its smooth operation may even save your life one day. Some agencies mandate the inspection in ...
    Rated +23
  • +3

    Intersection Safety for Back-Up Units

    When I teach Vehicle Operations in the Basic Law Enforcement Academies, I tell the recruits that the second police vehicle through the intersection during a priority run or pursuit is not the safer one; rather it is the more dangerous place to be. Drivers hear the sirens and see the patrol car go through and then assume the coast is clear. ...
    Rated +3
  • +8

    Search and Seizure of Real Property

    Search and Seizure of Real Property
    There are many legal issues for law enforcement officers to contend with in regards to Search and Seizure of persons and property. In order to effectively understand search and seizure law and procedure, it’s important to have a basic understanding of related history and case law. Fundamental issues to consider when dealing with Search and Seizure include probable cause, search warrant ...
    Rated +8
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    Major Lesson Plan: Arrest Warrants

    Target Audience: Law Enforcement personnel who may be faced with the task of executing arrest warrants Objective: Provide officers with essential knowledge of the law relating to execution of arrest warrants Format: Roll-call/ supervisory training. Time: Five to ten minutes, but this may be expanded where agency resources allow Materials: Law Enforcement Risk Management Legal Update SEE PAGE 6, March 2004; ...
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    10 Tips for Officers Engaged in Off-Duty Incidents

    In the wake of the Salt Lake City mall shooting incident involving an off-duty Ogden City Police officer, I spoke with one of our police academy recruit classes. As typical the almost 40 newly minted “blue shirts” were eager to embark on their law enforcement careers and make a difference. They were eager to get involved and for most of them, ...
  • +2

    Part 1: And Let There Be Light...

    Why is it that most law enforcement professionals will go out and spend hundreds of dollars on a new handgun, the latest tactical apparel, equipment and footwear because it looks good, but skimp when it comes to purchasing a quality flashlight? Before I continue, let me tell you a little bit about myself. I'm the average patrol officer (grunt) with about ...
    Rated +2
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    Blocking Suspect’s Car is a Seizure

    Indiana v. Stickle, 2003 Ind.App. LEXIS 1304 (IN Ct. App. 2003). Members of the Indiana State Police received information regarding a drug deal that was going to take place at a McDonald’s restaurant in Batesville. The tipster provided the names of the individuals involved and indicated the vehicle which would be driven by the suspects. Officers placed the restaurant under surveillance ...
  • +27

    3 Lessons Learned the Hard Way

    3 Lessons Learned the Hard Way
    1. Search Every Room We were serving a search warrant with tribal police on a residence on Indian Land. The house wasn’t too big and we had a CI’s sketch of the interior. I’ve never liked relying on the word of a strung out informant but the boss had faith in it. For some reason, because two agencies were involved, they ...
    Rated +27
  • +5

    Plain View Doctrine

    The plain view doctrine is an exception to the warrant requirement which allows officers to seize items which they observe and immediately recognize as evidence or contraband while they are lawfully present in an area protected by the 4th Amendment. The foundation case providing the elements of a plain view seizure as related to the plain view doctrine is Horton v. ...
    Rated +5
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    Pursuit Decision Making Matrix(Gallagher-Westfall Group)

    The pursuit decision matrix was developed to aid officers in the decision making process with respect to pursuits. The matrix can be tailored to comport with any agency’s policy. The colors listed denote the level of caution officers should employ based upon the degree of risk posed by the chase. Agencies that are less restrictive with chases may move color codes ...
  • +1

    Ramming During Pursuit: “Deadly Force”

    In Harris v. Coweta County, 2005 U.S. App. LEXIS 6721 (11th Cir. 2005), the United States Court of Appeal analyzed a ramming during a police pursuit under deadly force principles and refused to grant the officer summary judgment or qualified immunity. Victor Harris was clocked speeding by a deputy while driving a vehicle that was actively registered to him. When the ...
    Rated +1
  • +6

    Active Shooter: Plan, Prepare, and Initiate

    Through the past 4 years of conducting active shooter instructor training programs as well as basic operations programs for all law enforcement, we have been privileged to work with some of the most highly motivated and best officers in the world. This is due to the fact the majority have attended the programs with an “open mind” which gives an added ...
    Rated +6
  • +3

    Returning DL Can Help Avoid Consent Problems

    Vehicle searches are conducted on a daily basis by police officers, deputy sheriffs, and state troopers on roadways throughout the country. And every day defense lawyers are successful in getting judges to suppress evidence obtained by showing that the vehicle operator's consent to search was not voluntary. In order to keep the Exclusionary Rule at bay, law enforcers requesting consent need ...
    Rated +3
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