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    Behavior Provoking Questions: The Punishment Question

    The Behavior Analysis Interview is a structured interview, developed by John E. Reid and Associates, designed to elicit behavior symptoms indicative of truthfulness or deception. The core of the interview consists of asking a series of behavior provoking questions. These questions tend to elicit different responses from a suspect who is innocent of a crime than from a suspect who is ...
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    Assessing Attitudes: The Victim Mentality

    A suspect guilty of a crime often displays attitudes during an interview which are typically quite different from those attitudes exhibited by an innocent person. During an investigation, an investigator may note that one subject appeared spontaneous, open and confident, while a second subject may be described as being unconcerned, guarded and unhelpful. Each of these general characteristics represent the subject's ...
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    Arranging a Non-Custodial Interview

    During our training seminars we advocate that if the option is available it is preferable to conduct a non-custodial interview rather than a custodial interview. To persuade a guilty subject to voluntarily agree to present himself at the investigator's location for an interview requires that the interview be introduced in the proper manner. A past case clearly illustrates an improper approach: ...
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    A Review of Legal Issues Concerning Trickery and Deceit During an Interrogation

    A number of recent cases involving an investigator’s use of trickery and deceit during an interrogation have caused problems in the subsequent trial. In some of these cases the confession was suppressed. These cases have not involved a novel legal argument or radical interpretations of current law. Rather, existing laws have been applied in a predictable manner in situations in which ...
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    Right Equipment for the Right Environment

    There are many teams that have spent money blindly or ignorantly, and teams that purchase equipment based on find-the-cheapest mentality. These teams do not do service to their responsibility. I have also seen professional teams like MN DOC SOG, CT DOC SOG, San Joaquin SO, Solano CSO, who make the correct decisions, even when difficult, regarding staffing and equipment. These units ...
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    2005 Use Caution When Expressing The Urgency For A Suspect To Confess

    It is human nature to put off unpleasant decisions. Being in my 50's, I know that I need to eventually get long-term care insurance. Even though I fully intend to do this, I can come up with all sorts of reasons why I do not have to do it today. Many guilty suspects experience the same thought process during an interrogation. ...
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    CHRT Selection Process

    Do you recognize this man? He’s 6’5”, can bench a car, able to lift a truck and squat a train, and crush a man with his bare hands? It sounds like an able bodied candidate for an operator. Unfortunately, he can’t run ½ mile without losing his breath, can’t fit into a caged bus without getting stuck in the 1st door, ...
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    Types of Polygraph Used in Sex Offender Testing

    The polygraph community, in conjunction with therapists and probation/parole officers, has identified the following types of tests to deal with areas of concern: 1) Instant Offense Disclosure - Specific issue dealing with denial. Sex offenders frequently deny or minimize their behavior both about the index offense and past behaviors. According to Trepper & Barrett (1989) there are four types of denial ...
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    Drug Testing: CERT's Quiet New Weapon

    In correctional facilities of all sizes, illegal drugs are one of the most popular forms of contraband and currency. For staff, they're a scourge that eludes virtually all attempts at eradication or even reduction. For CERT operators, inmates who peddle or use illegal drugs are frequently the cause of extreme violence. That's why one of the most effective tools in the ...
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    Major Lesson Plan: Strip Searches

    Major Lesson Plan: Target Audience: Law Enforcement personnel who may be faced with the task of conducting a strip search during booking. Objective: Provide officers with essential knowledge with respect to some of the current issues surrounding strip search Format: Roll-call/ supervisory training. Time: Five to ten minutes, but this may be expanded where agency resources allow. Materials: Law Enforcement Risk ...
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    Illegal Arrest and It’s Effects on Confession

    On May 5th 2003 the United States Supreme Court issued a decision regarding how an illegal arrest will impact a subsequent confession. The facts in Kaupp revolved around the disappearance of a 14 year old girl. During the investigation, detectives leaned that this young girl had a sexual relationship with her 19 year old half brother. Detectives questioned the half-brother as ...
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    The Law of Citizen Contacts and Stop and Frisk

    Corrupt police officers, politicians, and government employees sometimes engage in corrupt activities, which generate large amounts of cash. The challenge for law enforcement authorities investigating this type of crime is to be able to prove the corrupt individual has a net worth that exceeds their legitimate explainable income. This can often be accomplished by a forensic audit of the target’s assets, ...
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    The Four Phases of Disaster Reactions

    Studies of disasters have led to a description of four distinct phases that can be anticipated in any reaction to a major stress situation. These are warning, impact, immediate reaction, and delayed response (American Psychiatric Association 1964). Understanding of these four phases will enable police officers to effectively apply those principles and techniques of psychological first aid that we will describe ...
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    There's a Lot to Know About the ISPS Code

    Throughout the maritime industry, PortGard is known for its slogan: Securing Sheltered Waters. Whether it’s deploying security patrols, consulting on ship-security issues, or performing personnel investigations, PortGard truly lives up to its tag line! And for those that have had an opportunity to work with PortGard, there is a strong appreciation for its "value-added" services which are consistently above and beyond ...
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    Whose Pond Is It Anyway?

    The common phrase used in our mission for protecting our homeland is, "The tragic events of September 11th have made us re-think new ways of defending our homeland." This short phrase is one of many statements that are being made by the government or private training and consulting firms time and time again with the end result being no forward progress ...
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    Major Lesson Plan: TASER® Applications for Learning

    Major Lesson Plan: Target Audience: Law Enforcement personnel who may be faced with the task of using an electronic control device Objective: Provide officers with essential knowledge with respect to some of the current issues surrounding electronic control devices Format: Roll-call/ supervisory training. Time: Five to ten minutes, but this may be expanded where agency resources allow. Materials: Law Enforcement Risk ...
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    Leadership in the 21st Century

    When we talk about leadership, we generally refer to a leader as a person of character. As facilities embrace the progressively trained model of team composition, some say you must respect the rank instead of the man. Although I cannot disagree with this, I also say that to respect the rank and ignore the man behind the rank is to drive ...
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    Policy Considerations: Shooting at or from Moving Vehicles

    Through agency policy many departments have considered restrictions on officers with respect to shooting at or from moving vehicles. The recent revisions of the IACP Model Policy on Use of Force (2001), indicates increased dangers of shooting at or from a moving vehicle. IACP model policy does not prohibit such uses of force per se, but would prohibit their uses where ...
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    SCBA Operations: Operational Necessity or Not?

    You're conducting a routine inventory of your CERT gear when the emergency call goes out: "Fire in the laundry, CERT members report to ready room for immediate deployment." Your internal security cameras and reports from officers who have fled the area reveal a situation that is on the verge of getting out of control: Inmates have set a grease fire, the ...
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    Intentional Shooting that Fails to Hit Target: Not a Seizure under the 4th Amendment

    In accordance with United States Supreme Court rulings, a physical seizure occurs when a person’s movement is stopped by force delivered by a “means intentionally applied. Thus, if an officer shoots at a person but misses, there can be no physical seizure. A show of authority seizure occurs when an officer shows authority and the person complies with that show of ...
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