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Cops and Armed Citizens

Cops and Armed Citizens

Sergeant Betsy Brantner Smith

I grew up around guns. My dad, a farmer by trade, was also an auxiliary deputy with the local sheriff’s department so he owned a pistol or two. My cousins were hunters, and we always had a shotgun in the house that my father could get to if he needed to eliminate an errant raccoon in the garden or a family of moles tearing up our front yard. I was neither fascinated nor frightened by firearms, they were just a part of our lives in the rural Midwest.

When I graduated from the police academy in 1981, I was pretty excited about my “right to bear arms” both on and off duty. Although I was a patrol officer, I invested in a couple of concealed holsters for my big Smith & Wesson model 59 (completely the wrong handgun for a girl with the hands of an 8 year old, but that’s another article). I pretty much carried my gun everywhere. Young, single, and new to the “big city,” I spent lots of time in and around the Chicago area, enjoying the museums, the sports teams, the shopping, and of course, the nightlife. I never gave my safety much thought because (a) I was armed, and (b) I was usually in the company of other (armed) off duty cops. Life was good.

I’ve always enjoyed lively political discussions so I was happy to enter into debates about the Second Amendment and whether or not ordinary citizens really had a “right to keep and bear arms” as I continued to gain some patrol experience. At the time, I really didn’t understand what the big deal was. I was fine with people who were hunters, or enjoyed shooting sports, and even wanted to keep a “home protection” gun in their bedroom, but as a young cop, I was pretty sure I didn’t want ordinary, untrained people walking around “my” streets carrying concealed handguns. I mean, if everyone had a gun, how could we tell the good guys from the bad? If everyone was armed, wouldn’t people be shooting each other over parking spaces and other petty issues? Besides, I secretly (and selfishly) enjoyed the feeling of superiority in knowing that I was one of the few people allowed by Illinois law to carry around a loaded gun. Boy, did I have a lot to learn.

In 1989 I was invited to travel with the University of Illinois’ “Fighting Illini” men’s basketball team to the Final Four in Seattle, Washington. My uncle was the head coach so my dad and I were going to fly on the team plane. What a blast! Unfortunately, this was about the same time that serial killer Ted Bundy was all over the news, the “Green River Killer” investigation was in full swing, and I was obsessed with reading Seattle-based author Ann Rule’s true crime books. Not exactly a great time for me to be heading for Washington State. But hey, I was cop! I got to take my gun to Seattle, carry it everywhere, and feel safe and secure. Great for me, but it got me thinking about all those young female murder victims; many of them close to my age. What if one of them had been armed? Could she have saved herself and ultimately, many others? And back in Illinois we had our own famous serial killer, John Wayne Gacy, still in the news. He killed 33 young men and boys before he was arrested. Hadn’t they deserved the legal right to able to try and protect themselves to the best of their ability?

Two and a half years later, on October 16, 1991, the infamous Luby’s Cafeteria shooting occurred in Killeen, Texas. In what we would now call an “active shooter” situation, George Hennard drove his pick up truck through the front of the restaurant and was able to stalk, shoot, and terrorize the 80 lunchtime patrons, killing 23 and wounding another 20 before police cornered him and he turned a gun on himself. He’d been able to reload several times before police could arrive, and there were no armed citizens to challenge him. I was now a patrol sergeant and really starting to really re-evaluate my stance on citizen carry, and frankly, the Luby’s incident scared the heck out of me. After all, just like my state, the law in Texas at the time forbade citizens from carrying handguns. The Texas “serious crime” rate was 38 % above the nation average. After the post-Luby’s passage of the CCW law, serious crime in Texas has dropped 50% faster than the United States as a whole. Illinois, however, continued to prohibit CCW.

The whole citizen carry issue, often mixed in with the broader debate over “gun control” in general, has been terribly politicized and the debate rages on to this day. Yes, the United States is the leader in “per capita gun deaths among industrial nations,” a statistic that gun control advocates love to throw around. However, as most cops will tell you, the issue is a whole lot more complicated. One of the best resources out there is John Lott’srecently updated book “More Guns, Less Crime.” Basically, Lott concluded in an 18 year study that states who allowed citizens to carry concealed weapons saw violent crime goes down. Pretty logical stuff; the more law abiding citizens who train and arm themselves, the less victims we have. He has continued to study this issue objectively but passionately; every crimefighter should read his work.

My adopted home town, the city of Chicago, is a perfect example of Lott’s conclusions. We’re averaging 20 – 40 shootings a weekend, three Chicago cops have been killed this year, off duty, since May, and yet Chicago has some of the strictest gun laws in the nation! Who’s got the guns? The cops and the bad guys; and frankly, the cops tend to be out-numbered and often out-gunned. All the gun laws in the world aren’t going to keep thugs from owning, carrying and using firearms, so all the City of Chicago is doing is keeping law abiding citizens from legally obtaining personal protection firearms.

I’m retired now, but as I travel throughout the United States, training with and filming law enforcement personnel, I take advantage of HR 218; I am always armed, and I’m grateful for the privilege. I am now a firm advocate of well-trained, well-armed civilians, and this is an issue that police officers must get more involved in. With layoffs, cutbacks, workplace violence and the raging “war on cops” in the United States, we may have to depend on our citizens to step up, jump in, and help out in an armed encounter. After all, you don’t have to have a badge to wear a white hat and be one of the good guys. Stay safe!

  • Logo_20bus_20card_max50


    about 4 years ago


    I agree with Sgt. Smith on all of her comments but with the following caveat. First let me state that I am a concealed handgun permit holder in Louisiana. Do I carry all the time? Not necessarily but it's more to do with my selection of handgun rather than a conscious effort not to carry. I mean, it is hard to conceal a Glock 22 under my clothes. I am an ardent supporter of the Second Amendment and I agree that if we ban guns only criminals and police will be toting. And whoever heard of a law-abiding criminal??

    My caveat is this - in order to carry a concealed or even an open carry weapon like in some states, a person should be required to complete a course that not only covers your legal rights and reponsibilities but also a proficiency course that demonstrates you can hit close to where you aim (especially under stress) and also that you have the ability to select the right target under the same stress. Maybe not as rigourous as the police are required to demonstrate but at least let's make sure that the armed citizen is trained. I also would not having a problem requalifying yearly as I consider the ability to carry a weapon not only a right but a privilege. I agree that law enforcement officers can face the problem of identifying the bad guy if there are multiple weapons in the area but a little common sense on the part of the officer and the armed citizen can go a long way in preventing accidential shootings. By the way, I am looking for a smaller weapon I can conceal. So soon, I will be toting a lot more than I do now! And I try to make it to the range at least once a month to burn through 100 rounds or so just to make sure I can hit where I aim. Now if I could find a true combat range in my area I will feel complete!

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    Great article. I have always been a big avdocate of law-abiding citizens being able to arm themselves. In the world we live in today, it has never been more clear to me that we as Law-Enforcement professionals need all the help we can get.

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

  • Nag_max50


    about 4 years ago


    Excellent article.

  • _v7z6500_max50


    about 4 years ago



  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    Very well said.

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    very true and unbiased

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    EXCELLENT write-up. I have been a legal CHL carrier since the program began in my state. I have never had a situation to use my weapon, and I hope I that time never comes. If it does, I am prepared, I stay trained and alert. I feel it's MY DUTY to do so as an American citizen and the person responsible for the protection of my home, but also part of the group responsible for the safety of community. Citizens ARE the front line of defense. No, that doesn't mean engaging in a gun fight. It means being the eyes and ears for LE and if, heaven forbid an extreme crisis such as a Luby's scenario or the many mass shootings, a defender in that case as well.

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    Absolutely a great article Sergeant! I am a retired police officer, and have always advocated the good guys carrying firearms to protect themselves. I responded to many calls of citizens murdered in cold blood, and they would have been alive if they had just had a handgun on their person. Keep up the great work. I'm impressed!

  • Photo_user_blank_big


    about 4 years ago


    I think we need to step up. I have taken it upon myself to become a Concealed Carry Instructor. Having already been a certified firearms instructor/defensive tactics instructor. I want citizens armed, and trained to the best of their ability.

    As I near retirement in the next few months, I have begun a business for that purpose. I became a cop to protect others, only to learn that "when seconds count, the police where only minutes away". Too often I got there after the smoke had cleared, and the suspect was G.O.A.!

    I will do all within my power to make sure that every citizen who wants to be trained in the safe, and tactical use of firearms will have the opportunity. When the community is armed, we are safer.

  • Harborfest___aug_trip_to_me_043_max50


    about 4 years ago


    I share the feelings of your correspondent regarding the civilian carry of concealed firearms. I train civilians not only in the physical handling of a firearm, but in the NYS laws concerning their responsibilities if they choose to "go armed". Most of NYS doesn't believe as I do. I qualify retired LEAs in the upstate NY area for the HR218 carry which most NYS agencies by and large do not accept, and will not engage in. I do believe that it is much more than "being able to hit what you aim at", but when the people have the knowledge, I find they make the right decision when necessary. KWD

  • Jdrf_-_starting_line_10-11-08_max50


    about 4 years ago


    Killen is why I got my CHL (Concealed Handgun License). I live just south of Kileen, here in Texas. We have to take a grueling course to get our CHL but it is well worth it knowing that if someone should assault us, as has happened to so many here in town, at least my family could seek safety while those of us who are lawfully armed protect our loved ones til our friends with badges arrive. I have determined that Killeen will not happen to my family as long as God grants me the strength to protect them. Excellent article. I must admit when I began reading it, I thought this was going to be a fight to remove our arms but was unexpectedly surprised to see that Sgt. Smith is on target. She sees things the way they are. Thank you Sgt. Smith.

  • T192_max50


    about 4 years ago


    I totally agree, I still carry concealed today and encourage well rounded citizens who have the training to become concealed carry people. I don't want only criminals to be arms when we as citizens need to protect ourselves and help police when we see they need help. I am retired law enforcement but I would step in anytime I see a fellow officer in trouble. Both of us will, me and Smith & Wesson.

  • Shrel-only_max50


    about 4 years ago


    Many years back Florida passed it's concealed carry law. Allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms. Many warned that we would have gunfights in the streets, death and dying all over. Nope! the crime rate went down. Perhaps it was also that Florida adopted some very strong punishments if a gun is used in a crime.
    Regardless I as an officer and in charge of a major cities statistics noted a lower crime rate.
    I will also note that as an officer twice in my 30 years of service an armed citizen came to my rescue.

  • Blade_runner_4_max50


    about 4 years ago


    Well done. Excellent article. Thank you for contributing.

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